C.R. Brundle and Associates
Christopher Richard (Dick) Brundle obtained his Ph.D. in physical chemistry (London, and Oxford) in 1967, working in the early development of UV Photoelectron Spectroscopy (UPS), studying small molecules. After a postdoc period at Bell Labs, he was a lecturer in physical chemistry at Bradford University, UK, from 1970 to 1975, where he developed and implemented the first UHV X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) capability for surface studies. In 1975 he moved to IBM Research, San Jose, working in basic research (adsorption and reaction at metal and semiconductor surfaces), applications, and technical management in surface and thin-film analytical methods. In 1993 he formed his own consulting company and in 1998 joined Applied Materials as director of the Defect and Thin-Film Characterization Laboratory, where his work concentrated on methodology for root cause analysis for particle defects on full wafers, and on developing methods for analysis and characterization of ultra-thin films. In 2003 he returned to consulting. He has over 150 publications, was editor of the Journal of Electron Spectroscopy for 25 years, and is senior editor of the book "Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization." He has had a long association with the AVS, having served twice as the Chair of the Northern California Chapter, and has received two AVS major technical awards.